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改行的四大原因

Anne Fisher 2020年01月16日

最近的一項研究表明,當人們決定改行時,通??刹粌H僅是為了賺錢。

圖片來源:francescoch—iStockphoto/Getty Images

回想當年,你是否曾質疑過自己對職業道路的選擇?若是沒有,那么你又是否曾考慮過換個行當?現在,許多雇主急需人手,因此放寬了對工作經驗的要求,即便求職者缺乏工作經驗,他們也愿意先給機會,允許求職者在工作中鍛煉。此外,至少從目前來看,換個更有前景的行業也是加薪的好辦法。

盡管如此,根據最近的一項研究,當人們決定改行時,通??刹粌H僅是為了賺錢。求職網站對來自不同行業、不同工種的662名近期跳槽的受訪者進行了一項調查,發現其中49%的受訪者跳槽去了全新的領域,有人離開教育行業踏入了金融行業,也有人從市場營銷改行到了工程行業。而促使他們改行的原因主要有四個:

1. 更高的薪水

79%的受訪者表示,他們之所以離開之前的行業是為了多賺些錢。

2. 缺乏職業挑戰

78%的受訪者表示,他們改行是因為覺得自己此前從事的工作沒有挑戰性。

3. 職業發展機會

77%的受訪者將改行的原因歸結為沒有明確的職業發展路徑。

4. 工作環境過于死板

79%的受訪者表示,他們之所以對原來的工作不滿,是因為工作太過死板,比如無法選擇在家工作或選擇更靈活的工作時間。(雇主小貼士:不只是改行的員工,實際上,現在越來越多的求職者都會在求職時將一些非傳統的福利納入考量,例如技能培訓、職業指導及遠程辦公等,后者尤其重要。)

對于正在考慮轉行的人來說,來自Indeed的數據會提醒大家:切記三思而后行。平均來看,改行者通常要花11個月的時間來規劃自己的新職業?!案男星跋鹊每紤]清楚?!盜ndeed的全球人力資源高級副總裁保羅·沃爾夫表示,二十年前,他離開了客服崗位,改行做人力資源管理?!澳阋扰宄约旱哪男┘寄茏钅芘缮嫌脠?。要多看看心儀行業的招聘廣告,切記不要自欺欺人。分析一下用人單位需要哪些技能,這些技能你是否已經具備,或者能否通過學習獲得?!?

與此同時,也要想清楚自己為什么要離開現在的行業。沃爾夫指出:“有時候,人們并不是真的想換個行業從頭再來。他們只需要沿著原有的職業發展路徑前行,最多換個工作或公司就夠了?!被c時間思考一下,可能你只是需要升職或培訓,或兩者兼而有之,而不是改行。

不確定自己是否會真正喜歡目標工作怎么辦?沃爾夫建議,通過社交媒體或現實社交網絡,尋找一位業內人士,并詢問是否可以隨他工作一兩天。他說:“和信息訪談類似,這種方法對了解行業情況很有幫助?!毙畔⒃L談是指求職者并非為找工作,只是為獲取行業信息而進行的一種面談。通過這兩種方法,能夠很好地了解進入目標行業需要具備哪些技能:“我們可以向業內友人了解哪些技能最重要,以及他是如何進入該行業的?!?

Indeed的調查結果中最令人振奮的是:多達88%的改行者表示,雖然在準備改行時付出了許多努力,也有很多顧慮,但現在他們過得更開心。這一點很重要。沃爾夫表示:“天下沒有完美的工作,但我們每天都得在工作上花費大量的時間,所以找到喜歡的工作非常重要?!边@話聽起來很像新年愿望,不是么?(財富中文網)

譯者:梁宇

審校:夏林

Ever wonder whether you picked the right career path, way back when—and, if not, whether you could make the jump to a different field? The job market right now looks ideal for making a change, partly because many employers are so in need of new hires that they’re often willing to overlook your lack of experience in a given role and train you on the job. Not only that, but heading for greener pastures is a tried-and-true way of making more money, at least for now.

Even so, when people decide to try a totally different line of work than they’ve pursued so far, it usually isn’t only about the Benjamins, according to a recent study. Job site Indeed polled 662 people working in a wide range of jobs and industries who had changed jobs recently, and found that 49% had gone into a whole new occupation—from teaching to finance, say, or marketing to engineering. The 4 main reasons why they steered the wheel into another direction?:

1. A better salary

79% said they left their erstwhile gigs in order to, yes, earn more elsewhere.

2. Lack of professional challenges

78% said they were not feeling challenged by their work.

3. Career opportunities

77% attributed it to not seeing a clear path to career advancement ahead.

4. Inflexible work circumstances

79% cited a lack of flexibility as a cause for dissatisfaction in their former careers, like the option to work from home or to choose different schedules. (Note to employers: More and more, candidates, and not only career changers, are looking for nontraditional benefits—skills training, career coaching, and telecommuting in particular.)

Thinking of making a career change? One insight from the Indeed data: Don’t rush into anything. The average career changer took 11 months to plan his or her switch to a new field. “It does take, first, some introspection,” says Paul Wolfe, senior VP of global human resources at Indeed, who changed careers himself (from customer service to HR) two decades ago. “You need to identify which of your skills are the most portable. Look at job ads in the field you’re aiming for, and be honest with yourself. Analyze whether you have, or can acquire, the traits they want.”

At the same time, be sure you’ve figured out exactly why you want to leave your current career. “Sometimes, people don’t really want to go into a whole new area,” Wolfe points out. “They just need to keep on the path they’re already on, but in a different job, or with a different company.” Take your time and think it through. Instead of a career change, maybe what you need right now is an overdue promotion, or some strategic skills training, or both.

Unsure whether you’d really like doing the job you’ve set your sights on? Wolfe recommends finding, through social media or your real-life network, someone already entrenched in that field, and asking whether you can “shadow” him or her for a day or two. “Shadowing can help tremendously, as can informational interviews,” he says—referring to the kind where you’re not asking for a job, just gathering information. Either approach can be useful in pinpointing which skills you’ll need to bring with you: “Ask the person you’re shadowing which skills matter most in this field, and how he or she got into it.”

The Indeed survey’s most encouraging finding: Almost all (88%) of the career changers said that—despite the effort (and worry) that went into preparing to make their move—they are happier now than they were before. That’s important. “No job is perfect, but we spend so much time at work, it’s really important to find work that we like doing,” says Wolfe. Almost sounds like a New Year’s resolution, doesn’t it?

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